Power Quality Issues and Improvemrnt Dissertation

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 51, NUMBER 3, SUMMER 2004

641

A Review of Three-Phase Improved Electrical power Quality

AC–DC Converters

Bhim Singh, Elderly Member, IEEE, Brij In. Singh, Affiliate, IEEE, Ambrish Chandra, Mature Member, IEEE, Kamal Al-Haddad, Senior Affiliate, IEEE, Ashish Pandey, Member, IEEE, and Dwarka L. Kothari, Older Member, IEEE

Abstract—Three-phase ac–dc converters have been developed to a matured level with superior power top quality in terms of power-factor correction, reduced total harmonic distortion for input alternating current mains, and regulated dc output in buck, improve, buck–boost, multilevel, and multipulse modes with unidirectional and bidirectional power flow. This paper shows an inclusive review of three-phase improved electricity quality ac–dc converters (IPQCs) configurations, control strategies, number of components, comparative factors, the latest trends, their very own suitability, and selection to get specific applications. It is targeted at presenting a situation of the fine art on the IPQC technology to researchers, designers, and app engineers dealing with three-phase ac–dc converters. A classified list of around 400 research articles on IPQCs is also appended for a speedy reference. Index Terms—Harmonic lowering, improved electrical power quality,

power-factor correction, switch-mode rectifiers, three-phase ac–dc conversion programs.

I. LAUNCH

T

HREE-PHASE ac–dc transformation of electric electric power is

extensively employed in adjustable-speeds drive (ASDs),

uninterruptible electrical power supplies (UPSs), HVdc systems, and

power interfaces with non-conventional powers such as solar power photovoltaic systems (PVs), etc ., battery energy storage systems (BESSs), in process technology such as electroplating, welding products, etc ., battery pack charging for electric cars, and electric power supplies intended for telecommunication devices [1]–[25]. Traditionally, ac–dc converters, that happen to be also known as rectifiers, are developed using diodes and thyristors to provide controlled and out of control unidirectional and bidirectional power power. They may have the problems of poor electrical power quality regarding injected current harmonics, resultant voltage bias and poor power aspect at suggestions ac droits and slowly varying rippled dc outcome at weight end, low efficiency, and large size of air conditioner and power filters. In view of their increased applications, a new breed of rectifiers has been produced using new solid-state self-commutating devices including MOSFETs, protected gate zweipolig transistors (IGBTs),

Manuscript received July 12-15, 2002; revised June twenty-three, 2003. Abstract published for the Internet January 14, 2004. This work was maintained the All-natural Sciences and Engineering Exploration Council of Canada. W. Singh is by using the Section of Power Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110016, India.

M. N. Singh is with the Department of Electrical Executive and Pc Science, Tulane University, Fresh Orleans, LA 70118 UNITED STATES.

A. Chandra and K. Al-Haddad happen to be with the Département de Génie Électrique, École de Technologie moderne Supérieure, Université du Québec, Montréal, QC H3C 1K3, Canada (e-mail: [email protected] etsmtl. ca).

A. Pandey and D. P. Kothari will be with the Middle for Strength Studies, American indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110016, India.

Digital Object Designation 10. 1109/TIE. 2004. 825341

gate-turn-off thyristors (GTOs), etc . Such conversion programs are generally grouped as switch-mode rectifiers (SMRs), power-factor correctors (PFCs), pulsewidth-modulation (PWM) rectifiers,

multilevel corrigers, multipulse amenders, etc . Due to strict requirement of power top quality at the input ac droits, several criteria [1]–[3] have been developed and enforced within the

consumers. Because of the severity of power top quality problems a few other options such as passive filtration, active filters (AFs), and hybrid filtration [4], [7]–[9] along with conventional rectifiers have already been extensively developed, especially in huge rating and already existing installs. However , these...

References: A per Phase), IEC1000-3-2 Doc., 1995.

pp. 1536–1542, September 1990.

[6] D. Borojevic, " Analog vs . digital design three-phase power element correction—Part two, ” in Proc. HFPC'94, 1994, pp. 322–348.

46, pp. 960–971, Oct. 1999.

[10] G. Seguier, Power Electronic Converters AC/DC Change. New

York: McGraw-Hill, 1986.

[11] G. T. Heydt, Electric Power Quality, 2nd education. West Lafayette, IN: Celebrities

in a Circle, 1994.

[15] J. Arrillaga and N. Smith, AC-DC Power Program Analysis. Herts, U. K.:

IEE Press, 1998.

CA, Mar. 3–7, 1996.

Charleston, SC, 06 27 Come july 1st 1, 1999.

[20] L. W. Kolar and T. Sun, " Three-phase electric power factor modification technology, ” presented in the IEEE PESC'01 (Seminars you & 4), Vancouver,

BC, Canada, June 17–22, 2001.

electronic lots, ” IEEE Trans. Ind. Applicat., vol. 30, pp. 1149–1155,

November. /Dec

IEEE-IAS Annu. Getting together with, 1992, pp. 689–694.

APEC'94, 1994, pp. 738–744.

IECON'94, 1994, pp. 250–255.

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