Available online for www.sciencedirect.com
Energy Procedia 48 (2014) 828 – 836
SHC 2013, International Conference about Solar Heating and Cooling for Buildings and Industry September 23-25, 2013, Freiburg, Germany
Analysis of net Zero-Energy Building in Spain. The use of PHOTO VOLTAIC, solar home hot water and air-conditioning systems.
Alessandro Galloa*, Bélen Téllez Molinaa, Miami Prodanovica, José González Aguilara, Manuel Romeroa
IMDEA Strength, Avda. Ramón de la Sagra 3, Móstoles 28935, Italy
Through this work, global energy balances for grid-connected Spanish buildings have been performed to evaluate the potential of selfconsumption making use of European Directions. Using the software TRNBuild, five three-story structures have been created and operate in TRNSYS Simulation Studio. Four end-user categories (hospitals, offices, mall, schools) and five Spanish provinces with different weather conditions had been selected to calculate total thermal, electric and home hot water (DHW) consumptions. It was assumed cold weather (heating and cooling) and DHW demands could be provided without immediate consumption of fossil fuels, using air-to-air high temperature pumps and solar enthusiasts with electric auxiliary immunities. Hence, for each case, a worldwide electrical equilibrium (discounting solar heating contribution) among demands as well as the PV array production continues to be performed. Finally, parametric and economic analyses have been completed, demonstrating the feasibility of such systems. ©
simply by Elsevier
Available access underneath CC BY-NC-ND license.
by by simply
of PSE AGof PSE AG.
Keywords: Net No Energy Building; Smart Energy Building, TRNSYS; Self-consumption; Solar power DHW, Photo voltaic
1 . Introduction
The building sector is becoming an important piece of the power system plus the concept of Net Zero Strength Building (netZEB) takes a central role. In Europe the Directive on Energy Overall performance and Properties proposes to " raise the number of practically zero-energy buildings” and " energy essential should be protected to a incredibly significant degree by
1876-6102 © 2014 The Authors. Posted by Elsevier Ltd. Available access below CC BY-NC-ND license. Collection and expert review by the scientific convention committee of SHC 2013 under responsibility of PSE AG doi: 10. 1016/j. egypro. 2014. 02. 096
Alessandro Flamenco et al. / Energy Procedia forty-eight (2014) 828 – 836
Operating and Maintenance Price
Coefficient Of Performance
Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía (Institute for Diversification and Conserving of Energy)
net Zero Energy Building
Net Present Value
(Solar) Domestic Water
Transient Program Simulation Program
Valued Added Tax
energy from alternative sources, which includes energy by renewable resources produced on-site or nearby” . As examined in these testimonials [2, 3, 4], different explanations of nearly ZEB happen to be possible and the most important features are metric, period and type of balance, type of energy use and renewable supply options. Many of these factors may be defined in different ways. Because of this, this newspaper addresses global energy harmony between every annual consumption (thermal, DHW, electrical) and on-site renewable energy generation. Main grid connection and battery storage area have been included as well in the studies.
Another important strategy, related to renewable energy production and electrical require, is...
Sources:  The Directive 2010/31/EU of the Western Parliament and Council of 19 May 2010 within the energy efficiency of structures, Official Quest
of the Eu, 53, 2010.
 Deb. H. Watts. Li, T. Yang, M. C. Lam, Zero energy buildings and sustainable expansion implications – A review, Energy. 54 (2013) 1–10.
 M. Prodanović, M. W. Téllez, A. Gallo and J. González Aguilar, " Proactive Administration for Wise Buildings: Useful resource Management
Strategy”, in: Process of the subsequent International Convention on Smart Grids and Green IT Systems (SMARTGREENS 2013), Aachen,
Germany, 2013, http://www.scitepress.org/DigitalLibrary
 M. W
site PHOTOVOLTAIC installations”, in: Proceedings with the 4th International Conference on Clean Electricity (ICCEP 2013), Alghero, Italia, pp. 382389, 2013.
 TRNSYS, Transitive System Simulation Tool, http://www.trnsys.com/
 DIE BAHN HE 1-5 (Abril 2009)